Muslim philosophy is a very bright chapter of the wisdom of humankind. Dr. Iqbal the great philosopher of the East, had extraordinary brilliance in finding similarities between western materialistic and eastern spiritualistic thoughts and he got succeeded pretty much. Although he is totally Muslim philosopher by his characteristics but his age was the age of Modern philosophy that’s why we consider him both, a Muslim Philosopher and a Modern Philosopher.
But in actual the period of Muslim Philosophy is basically from 7th century to 17th. It’s all 1000 years approximately. We’ll go through all this in our series of lectures on Muslim Philosophy. We’ll mostly follow the thesis of Dr. Iqbal “The Development of Metaphysics in Persia”. But there are much more worth listening to in our lectures.
Introduction: Transmission of Greek Philosophy to Muslim Culture
i. Five Basic Principles of Mutazila
ii. Some leading Mutazilites
(a) Wasil Ibn Ata
(b) Abu al Hudhail Allaf
(c) Al- Nazzam
i. Concept of God and the nature of Divine Attribute
ii. Free will
iii. Problem of Evil
iv. Problem of createdness or uncreatedness of the Quran
v. Asharite Atomism
i. Reconciliation of Philosophy and Religion
ii. Concept of God
iii. Theory of Intellect
i. Theory of Ten Intelligences
ii. theory of the Intellect
i. Theory of Being
ii. Theory of Knowledge/Concept of god
iii. Mind-Body Relationship
2. Refutation of Philsophers
i. Eternity of the Word
ii. God’s Knowledge of Particulars
iii. Reseruction of the Body
a. Reconciliation between Philosophy and Religion
c. Way to knowledge
Doctrine of Unity of Being
1. Abdul Khaliq, Dr. Problems of Muslim Theology, Lahore;
2. Abdul Khaliq, Dr. and Yusaf Shaidaee, هسفلف ملسم . Lahore: Aziz Publishers, 1993.
4. M. M. Sharif (ed). A History of Muslim Philosophy, 2 Vols. (reprint) Karachi: Royal Book Co., 1983.
5. Montgomery, W. Watt, Free will and Pre-Destination in Early Islam, London: Luzac & Co., 1948