The first component of fitness is cardio respiratory. This is achieved through aerobic exercise. Aerobic exercise refers to exercise that keeps the heart beating at a higher rate than normal for an extended period of time (20-30) minutes). This is the easiest type of exercise because all that is really required is a good pair of shoes. Taking a 30 minute walk three times a week is all that is needed to burn fat and lead to other health benefits.
Other aerobic activates that require more equipment and or a special place to do it include running, biking, aerobics, and swimming. Playing sports like tennis and basketball can also provide some aerobic benefit.
The second component of fitness is strength and muscular endurance. A person who has more muscle is going to burn more calories. This means that adding muscle will help even when a person is lying down. Strength training usually requires weights. However, a person can do push-ups and sit-ups to obtain some of the benefit of weight training.
There are many different types of exercise a person can do to increase strength. If there are students who are genuinely interested in starting a strength program, a trainer may want to content a fitness trainer in the area to see if she would be willing to proved additional instruction. Alternatively, there may be classes offered through different community agencies that a student could attend. There are also several fitness programs on television that can be taped.
Component of Fitness is Flexibility
The final component of fitness is flexibility. Flexibility is improved by doing basic stretching. Flexible muscles and joints are less likely to get injured while engaging in physical activity. There are several types of flexibility exercises, and they often are part of aerobics or strength training to teach specific flexibility exercises.
The information contained in paragraph number 2 dealt specifically with exercise programs, but there are many ways a person can become more active without engaging in a fitness program like:.
- Use stairs instead of the elevator.
- Park in a place that requires you to walk farther.
- Walk or ride a bike to work.
- Walk to the next bus stop.
- Go window shopping (but do not stop to look very long.)
- Take a dog for a walk.
- Use your 15-minute break at work to go for a walk.
- Do a few push-ups or sit-ups during commercials.
- House work and yard work burn calories.