The philosophical study and explanation of the nature of the universe, or cosmological statement sights the universe as a finite effect, and passing through a succession of dependent sequences, correlated as causes and effects, discontinues at an uncaused original cause, due to the Un-thinkibility of an infinite to go back.
It is, though clear that a finite effect can provide merely a finite cause, or at mainly an infinite chain of such causes. To end the series at a definite peak, and to raise one member of the series to the decorum of an uncaused first cause, is to set at zero the very law of causation on which the whole argument goes on. Further, the first cause make the argument unavoidably leave out its effect.
And this signifies that the effect, making up a limit to its own cause, trims down it to something finite. Again, the cause reached by the argument cannot be looked upon as an indispensable being for the understandable grounds that in the relation of cause and effect the two conditions of the relation are likewise essential to each other.
Nor is the need of existence indistinguishable with the theoretical need of causation which is the extreme that this argument can bear out.
The argument in fact makes an effort to reach the infinite by merely negating the finite. But the infinite reached by contradicting the finite is a false infinite, which makes clear neither itself nor the finite which is therefore made to stand in opposition to the infinite.
The true infinite does not keep out the finite; it holds in its arms the finite without effacing its finitude, and clarifies and gives good reason for its being. Logically speaking, then, the movement from the finite to the infinite as personified in the cosmological argument is fairly illegitimate; and the argument fails in Toto.