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Table of English Tenses

انگریزی کے ٹینسز کا چارٹ

Present = حال
پہچان۔اردو کے جملے کے آخر میں ۔۔
ہے ، ہیں ، ہو ، ہوں

Past = ماضی

پہچان۔ اردو کے جملے کے آخر میں۔

تھا ، تھے، تھی

Future = مستقبل

پہچان ۔ اردو کے جملے کے آخر میں۔

گا ، گے ، گی

Indefinite = مطلق

پہچان۔

تا ، تے ، تی

  1. Subject verbs the object
  2. Subjects verb the object

اُردو جملہ نمبر ۱ ۔ علی گیند پھینکتا ہے
اردو جملہ نمبر ۲ ۔ لڑکے گیند پھینکتے ہیں۔

Affirmative,

  1. S + V1 + s/es + O + E

Ali throws the ball

  1. S + V1 + O + E

Boys throw the ball

Negative,

  1. S + does not + V1 + O + E

Ali does not throw the ball

  1. S + do not + V1 + O + E

Boys do not throw the ball

Interrogative,

  1. Does + S + V1 + O + E + ?

Does Ali throw the ball?

  1. Do + S + V1 + O + E

Do Boys throw the ball?

Subject verbed the object
اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینکتا تھا
یا ۔ علی نے گیند پھینکی

Affirmative,
S + V2 + O + E
Ali threw the ball

Negative,
S + did not + V1 + O + E
Ali did not throw the ball

Interrogative,
Did + S + V1 + O + E
Did Ali throw the ball?

Subject will verb the object
اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینکے گا

Affirmative,
S + will/shall + V1 + O + E
Ali will throw the ball

Negative,
S + will not/shall not + V1 + O + E
Ali will not throw the ball

Interrogative,
Will/shall + S + V1 + O + E
Will Ali throw the ball?

Continuous = جاری

پہچان۔

 رہا ، رہے ، رہی

Subject is verbing the object
ردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینک رہا ہے۔

Affirmative,
S + is/are/am + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali is throwing the ball

Negative,
S + is/are/am + not + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali is not throwing the ball

Interrogative,
is/are/am + S + V1 + ing + O + E
Is Ali throwing the ball?

Subject was verbing the object
اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینک رہا تھا

Affirmative,
S + was/were  + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali was throwing the ball

Negative,
S + was/were + not + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali was not throwing the ball

Interrogative,
Was/were + S + V1 + ing + O + E
Was Ali throwing the ball?

Subject will be verbing the object
اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینک رہا ہوگا

Affirmative,
S + will/shall + be + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali will be throwing the ball

Negative,
S + will not/shall + not + be + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali will not be throwing the ball

Interrogative,

Will/shall + S + be + V1 + ing + O + E

Will Ali be throwing the ball?

Perfect = مکمل
پہچان ۔
 چکا، چکے،چکی
Subject has verbed the object
اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینک چکا ہے۔

Affirmative,
S + has/have + V3 + O + E
Ali has thrown the ball

Negative,
S + has/have + not + V3 + O + E
Ali has not thrown the ball

Interrogative,
Has/have + S + V3 + O + E
Has Ali thrown the ball?

Subject had verbed the object

اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینک چکا تھا۔

Affirmative,
S + had + V3 + O + E
Ali had thrown the ball

Negative,
S + had + not + V3 + O + E
Ali had not thrown the ball

Interrogative,
Had + S + V3 + O + E
Had Ali thrown the ball?

Subject will have verbed the object
اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینک چکا ہوگا۔

Affirmative,
S + will/shall + have + V3 + O + E
Ali will have thrown the ball

Negative,
S + will/shall + have + not + V3 + O + E
Ali will have not thrown the ball

Interrogative,
Will/shall + S + have + V3 + O + E
Will Ali have thrown the ball?

Perfect Continuous = جاری
پہچان ۔
 تا رہا ، تی رہی ، تے رہے
Subject been verbing the object
اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینکتا رہا ہے۔

Affirmative,
S + has/have + been + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali has been throwing the ball

Negative,
S + has/have + not + been + V1 + ing + O + E
Ali has not been throwing the ball

Interrogative,
Has/have + S + been + V1 + ing + O + E
Has Ali been throwing the ball?

Subject had been verbing the object

اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینکتا رہا تھا ۔

Affirmative,

S + had + been + V1 + ing + O + E

Ali had been throwing the ball

Negative,

S + had + not + been + V1 + ing + O + E

Ali had not been throwing the ball

Interrogative,

Had + S + been + V1 + ing + O + E

Had Ali been throwing the ball?

Subject will have been verbing the object

اردو جملہ ۔ علی گیند پھینکتا رہا ہوگا ۔

Affirmative,

S + will/shall + have + been + V1 + ing + O + E

Ali will have been throwing the ball

Negative,

S + will/shall + not + have + been + V1 + ing + O + E

Ali will not have been throwing the ball

Interrogative,

Will/shall + S + have + been + V1 + ing + O + E

Will Ali have been throwing the ball?