A philosophical movement is either the appearance or increased popularity of a specific school of philosophy, or a fairly broad but identifiable sea-change in philosophical thought on a particular subject. Major philosophical movements are often characterized with reference to the nation, language, or historical era in which they arose. (Wiki ends)

Some popular modern philosophical movements are,

Logical Positivism:

  1. Turning Point Philosophy
  2. Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language
  3. Criterion of Verifiability

Dialectical Materialism:

  1. Matter, Dialectics
  2. Historical Materialism
  3. Theory of Knowledge


  1. Husserl’s Phenomenological Method
  2. Man in the World, Man and Fellow Man
  3. Man and God
  4. Death (with special reference to Kierkegaard, Heidegger, Sartre)

Conceptual Analysis:

  1. Word-meaning
  2. Sentence-meaning
  3. Vagueness
  4. Private Ordinary Language


Book Recommended

  1. Action, H. B., The Illusion of the Epoch. 2nd edition. Cohen & west, 1962.
  2. Ayer, A. J., Language, Truth and Logic, 2nd ed. London: Victor Gollancz, 1962.
  3. Ayer, A. J. (ed.), Logical Positivism. New York: The Free Press, 1959.
  4. Barrett, W., Irrational Man. New York: Double Day /co. 1968.
  5. Blackham, H. J., Six Existentialist Thinkers. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1961.
  6. Caton, C. E., Philosophy and Ordinary Language. Urbana University of Illinois Press, 1963.
  7. Grossmann, Reinhardt, Phenomenology and Existentialism, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.
  8. Kolakowski, L., Main Currents of Marxism. 3 Volumes, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.
  9. Lichtheim, G., Marxism; An Historical and Critical Study. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1961.
  10. Nadeem, Javed I., Lahore: Victory Book Bank, 1989.
  11. Passmore, J., A Hundred Years of Philosophy. Penguin Books, 1966.
  12. Qadir, C. A., Logical Positivism. Lahore: Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1965.